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NonRegisteringDriver.java

/*
 Copyright (c) 2002, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 

 This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public License as
 published by the Free Software Foundation.

 There are special exceptions to the terms and conditions of the GPL
 as it is applied to this software. View the full text of the
 exception in file EXCEPTIONS-CONNECTOR-J in the directory of this
 software distribution.

 This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 GNU General Public License for more details.

 You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA



 */
package com.mysql.jdbc;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URLDecoder;
import java.sql.DriverPropertyInfo;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Locale;
import java.util.Properties;
import java.util.StringTokenizer;
/**
 * The Java SQL framework allows for multiple database drivers. Each driver
 * should supply a class that implements the Driver interface
 * 
 * <p>
 * The DriverManager will try to load as many drivers as it can find and then
 * for any given connection request, it will ask each driver in turn to try to
 * connect to the target URL.
 * </p>
 * 
 * <p>
 * It is strongly recommended that each Driver class should be small and
 * standalone so that the Driver class can be loaded and queried without
 * bringing in vast quantities of supporting code.
 * </p>
 * 
 * <p>
 * When a Driver class is loaded, it should create an instance of itself and
 * register it with the DriverManager. This means that a user can load and
 * register a driver by doing Class.forName("foo.bah.Driver")
 * </p>
 * 
 * @author Mark Matthews
 * @version $Id: NonRegisteringDriver.java,v 1.1.2.1 2005/05/13 18:58:38
 *          mmatthews Exp $
 * 
 * @see org.gjt.mm.mysql.Connection
 * @see java.sql.Driver
 */
00069 public class NonRegisteringDriver implements java.sql.Driver {
      private static final String ALLOWED_QUOTES = "\"'";

      private static final String REPLICATION_URL_PREFIX = "jdbc:mysql:replication://";

      private static final String URL_PREFIX = "jdbc:mysql://";

      private static final String MXJ_URL_PREFIX = "jdbc:mysql:mxj://";

      private static final String LOADBALANCE_URL_PREFIX = "jdbc:mysql:loadbalance://";

      /**
       * Key used to retreive the database value from the properties instance
       * passed to the driver.
       */
00084       public static final String DBNAME_PROPERTY_KEY = "DBNAME";

      /** Should the driver generate debugging output? */
00087       public static final boolean DEBUG = false;

      /** Index for hostname coming out of parseHostPortPair(). */
00090       public final static int HOST_NAME_INDEX = 0;

      /**
       * Key used to retreive the hostname value from the properties instance
       * passed to the driver.
       */
00096       public static final String HOST_PROPERTY_KEY = "HOST";

      public static final String NUM_HOSTS_PROPERTY_KEY = "NUM_HOSTS";
      
      /**
       * Key used to retreive the password value from the properties instance
       * passed to the driver.
       */
00104       public static final String PASSWORD_PROPERTY_KEY = "password";

      /** Index for port # coming out of parseHostPortPair(). */
00107       public final static int PORT_NUMBER_INDEX = 1;

      /**
       * Key used to retreive the port number value from the properties instance
       * passed to the driver.
       */
00113       public static final String PORT_PROPERTY_KEY = "PORT";

      public static final String PROPERTIES_TRANSFORM_KEY = "propertiesTransform";

      /** Should the driver generate method-call traces? */
00118       public static final boolean TRACE = false;

      public static final String USE_CONFIG_PROPERTY_KEY = "useConfigs";

      /**
       * Key used to retreive the username value from the properties instance
       * passed to the driver.
       */
00126       public static final String USER_PROPERTY_KEY = "user";

      public static final String PROTOCOL_PROPERTY_KEY = "PROTOCOL";

      public static final String PATH_PROPERTY_KEY = "PATH";

      /**
       * Gets the drivers major version number
       * 
       * @return the drivers major version number
       */
00137       static int getMajorVersionInternal() {
            return safeIntParse("@MYSQL_CJ_MAJOR_VERSION@"); //$NON-NLS-1$
      }

      /**
       * Get the drivers minor version number
       * 
       * @return the drivers minor version number
       */
00146       static int getMinorVersionInternal() {
            return safeIntParse("@MYSQL_CJ_MINOR_VERSION@"); //$NON-NLS-1$
      }

      /**
       * Parses hostPortPair in the form of [host][:port] into an array, with the
       * element of index HOST_NAME_INDEX being the host (or null if not
       * specified), and the element of index PORT_NUMBER_INDEX being the port (or
       * null if not specified).
       * 
       * @param hostPortPair
       *            host and port in form of of [host][:port]
       * 
       * @return array containing host and port as Strings
       * 
       * @throws SQLException
       *             if a parse error occurs
       */
00164       protected static String[] parseHostPortPair(String hostPortPair)
                  throws SQLException {
            

            String[] splitValues = new String[2];

            if (StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCaseAndWs(hostPortPair, "address")) {
                  splitValues[HOST_NAME_INDEX] = hostPortPair.trim();
                  splitValues[PORT_NUMBER_INDEX] = null;
                  
                  return splitValues;
            }
            
            int portIndex = hostPortPair.indexOf(":"); //$NON-NLS-1$
            
            String hostname = null;

            if (portIndex != -1) {
                  if ((portIndex + 1) < hostPortPair.length()) {
                        String portAsString = hostPortPair.substring(portIndex + 1);
                        hostname = hostPortPair.substring(0, portIndex);

                        splitValues[HOST_NAME_INDEX] = hostname;

                        splitValues[PORT_NUMBER_INDEX] = portAsString;
                  } else {
                        throw SQLError.createSQLException(Messages
                                    .getString("NonRegisteringDriver.37"), //$NON-NLS-1$
                                    SQLError.SQL_STATE_INVALID_CONNECTION_ATTRIBUTE, null);
                  }
            } else {
                  splitValues[HOST_NAME_INDEX] = hostPortPair;
                  splitValues[PORT_NUMBER_INDEX] = null;
            }

            return splitValues;
      }

      private static int safeIntParse(String intAsString) {
            try {
                  return Integer.parseInt(intAsString);
            } catch (NumberFormatException nfe) {
                  return 0;
            }
      }

      /**
       * Construct a new driver and register it with DriverManager
       * 
       * @throws SQLException
       *             if a database error occurs.
       */
00216       public NonRegisteringDriver() throws SQLException {
            // Required for Class.forName().newInstance()
      }

      /**
       * Typically, drivers will return true if they understand the subprotocol
       * specified in the URL and false if they don't. This driver's protocols
       * start with jdbc:mysql:
       * 
       * @param url
       *            the URL of the driver
       * 
       * @return true if this driver accepts the given URL
       * 
       * @exception SQLException
       *                if a database-access error occurs
       * 
       * @see java.sql.Driver#acceptsURL
       */
00235       public boolean acceptsURL(String url) throws SQLException {
            return (parseURL(url, null) != null);
      }

      //
      // return the database name property
      //

      /**
       * Try to make a database connection to the given URL. The driver should
       * return "null" if it realizes it is the wrong kind of driver to connect to
       * the given URL. This will be common, as when the JDBC driverManager is
       * asked to connect to a given URL, it passes the URL to each loaded driver
       * in turn.
       * 
       * <p>
       * The driver should raise an SQLException if it is the right driver to
       * connect to the given URL, but has trouble connecting to the database.
       * </p>
       * 
       * <p>
       * The java.util.Properties argument can be used to pass arbitrary string
       * tag/value pairs as connection arguments.
       * </p>
       * 
       * <p>
       * My protocol takes the form:
       * 
       * <PRE>
       * 
       * jdbc:mysql://host:port/database
       * 
       * </PRE>
       * 
       * </p>
       * 
       * @param url
       *            the URL of the database to connect to
       * @param info
       *            a list of arbitrary tag/value pairs as connection arguments
       * 
       * @return a connection to the URL or null if it isnt us
       * 
       * @exception SQLException
       *                if a database access error occurs
       * 
       * @see java.sql.Driver#connect
       */
00283       public java.sql.Connection connect(String url, Properties info)
                  throws SQLException {
            if (url != null) {
                  if (StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCase(url, LOADBALANCE_URL_PREFIX)) {
                        return connectLoadBalanced(url, info);
                  } else if (StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCase(url,
                              REPLICATION_URL_PREFIX)) {
                        return connectReplicationConnection(url, info);
                  }
            }

            Properties props = null;

            if ((props = parseURL(url, info)) == null) {
                  return null;
            }

            if (!"1".equals(props.getProperty(NUM_HOSTS_PROPERTY_KEY))) {
                  return connectFailover(url, info);
            }
            
            try {
                  Connection newConn = com.mysql.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.getInstance(
                              host(props), port(props), props, database(props), url);

                  return newConn;
            } catch (SQLException sqlEx) {
                  // Don't wrap SQLExceptions, throw
                  // them un-changed.
                  throw sqlEx;
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                  SQLException sqlEx = SQLError.createSQLException(Messages
                              .getString("NonRegisteringDriver.17") //$NON-NLS-1$
                              + ex.toString()
                              + Messages.getString("NonRegisteringDriver.18"), //$NON-NLS-1$
                              SQLError.SQL_STATE_UNABLE_TO_CONNECT_TO_DATASOURCE, null);
                  
                  sqlEx.initCause(ex);
                  
                  throw sqlEx;
            }
      }

      private java.sql.Connection connectLoadBalanced(String url, Properties info)
                  throws SQLException {
            Properties parsedProps = parseURL(url, info);

            // People tend to drop this in, it doesn't make sense
            parsedProps.remove("roundRobinLoadBalance");
            
            if (parsedProps == null) {
                  return null;
            }

            int numHosts = Integer.parseInt(parsedProps.getProperty(NUM_HOSTS_PROPERTY_KEY));

            List<String> hostList = new ArrayList<String>();

            for (int i = 0; i < numHosts; i++) {
                  int index = i + 1;
                  
                  hostList.add(parsedProps.getProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + index) + ":" 
                              + parsedProps.getProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + index));
            }

            LoadBalancingConnectionProxy proxyBal = new LoadBalancingConnectionProxy(
                        hostList, parsedProps);

            return (java.sql.Connection) java.lang.reflect.Proxy.newProxyInstance(this
                        .getClass().getClassLoader(),
                        new Class[] { com.mysql.jdbc.Connection.class }, proxyBal);
      }
      
      private java.sql.Connection connectFailover(String url, Properties info)
                  throws SQLException {
            Properties parsedProps = parseURL(url, info);

            // People tend to drop this in, it doesn't make sense
            parsedProps.remove("roundRobinLoadBalance");
            parsedProps.setProperty("autoReconnect", "false");
            
            if (parsedProps == null) {
                  return null;
            }

            int numHosts = Integer.parseInt(parsedProps
                        .getProperty(NUM_HOSTS_PROPERTY_KEY));

            List<String> hostList = new ArrayList<String>();
            
            for (int i = 0; i < numHosts; i++) {
                  int index = i + 1;

                  hostList.add(parsedProps.getProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY + "."
                              + index)
                              + ":"
                              + parsedProps.getProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + index));
            }

            FailoverConnectionProxy connProxy = new FailoverConnectionProxy(
                        hostList, parsedProps);

            return (java.sql.Connection) java.lang.reflect.Proxy.newProxyInstance(
                        this.getClass().getClassLoader(),
                        new Class[] { com.mysql.jdbc.Connection.class }, connProxy);
      }

      protected java.sql.Connection connectReplicationConnection(String url, Properties info)
                  throws SQLException {
            Properties parsedProps = parseURL(url, info);

            if (parsedProps == null) {
                  return null;
            }

            Properties masterProps = (Properties) parsedProps.clone();
            Properties slavesProps = (Properties) parsedProps.clone();

            // Marker used for further testing later on, also when
            // debugging
            slavesProps.setProperty("com.mysql.jdbc.ReplicationConnection.isSlave",
                        "true");
            
            int numHosts = Integer.parseInt(parsedProps.getProperty(NUM_HOSTS_PROPERTY_KEY));

            if (numHosts < 2) {
                  throw SQLError
                              .createSQLException(
                                          "Must specify at least one slave host to connect to for master/slave replication load-balancing functionality",
                                          SQLError.SQL_STATE_INVALID_CONNECTION_ATTRIBUTE, null);
            }
            
            for (int i = 1; i < numHosts; i++) {
                  int index = i + 1;
                  
                  masterProps.remove(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + index);
                  masterProps.remove(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + index);
                  
                  slavesProps.setProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + i, parsedProps.getProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + index));
                  slavesProps.setProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + i, parsedProps.getProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + index));
            }

            masterProps.setProperty(NUM_HOSTS_PROPERTY_KEY, "1");
            slavesProps.remove(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + numHosts);
            slavesProps.remove(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + numHosts);
            slavesProps.setProperty(NUM_HOSTS_PROPERTY_KEY, String.valueOf(numHosts - 1));
            slavesProps.setProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY, slavesProps.getProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY + ".1"));
            slavesProps.setProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY, slavesProps.getProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY + ".1"));

            return new ReplicationConnection(masterProps, slavesProps);
      }

      /**
       * Returns the database property from <code>props</code>
       * 
       * @param props
       *            the Properties to look for the database property.
       * 
       * @return the database name.
       */
00443       public String database(Properties props) {
            return props.getProperty(DBNAME_PROPERTY_KEY); //$NON-NLS-1$
      }

      /**
       * Gets the drivers major version number
       * 
       * @return the drivers major version number
       */
00452       public int getMajorVersion() {
            return getMajorVersionInternal();
      }

      /**
       * Get the drivers minor version number
       * 
       * @return the drivers minor version number
       */
00461       public int getMinorVersion() {
            return getMinorVersionInternal();
      }

      /**
       * The getPropertyInfo method is intended to allow a generic GUI tool to
       * discover what properties it should prompt a human for in order to get
       * enough information to connect to a database.
       * 
       * <p>
       * Note that depending on the values the human has supplied so far,
       * additional values may become necessary, so it may be necessary to iterate
       * through several calls to getPropertyInfo
       * </p>
       * 
       * @param url
       *            the Url of the database to connect to
       * @param info
       *            a proposed list of tag/value pairs that will be sent on
       *            connect open.
       * 
       * @return An array of DriverPropertyInfo objects describing possible
       *         properties. This array may be an empty array if no properties are
       *         required
       * 
       * @exception SQLException
       *                if a database-access error occurs
       * 
       * @see java.sql.Driver#getPropertyInfo
       */
00491       public DriverPropertyInfo[] getPropertyInfo(String url, Properties info)
                  throws SQLException {
            if (info == null) {
                  info = new Properties();
            }

            if ((url != null) && url.startsWith(URL_PREFIX)) { //$NON-NLS-1$
                  info = parseURL(url, info);
            }

            DriverPropertyInfo hostProp = new DriverPropertyInfo(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY, //$NON-NLS-1$
                        info.getProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY)); //$NON-NLS-1$
            hostProp.required = true;
            hostProp.description = Messages.getString("NonRegisteringDriver.3"); //$NON-NLS-1$

            DriverPropertyInfo portProp = new DriverPropertyInfo(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY, //$NON-NLS-1$
                        info.getProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY, "3306")); //$NON-NLS-1$ //$NON-NLS-2$
            portProp.required = false;
            portProp.description = Messages.getString("NonRegisteringDriver.7"); //$NON-NLS-1$

            DriverPropertyInfo dbProp = new DriverPropertyInfo(DBNAME_PROPERTY_KEY, //$NON-NLS-1$
                        info.getProperty(DBNAME_PROPERTY_KEY)); //$NON-NLS-1$
            dbProp.required = false;
            dbProp.description = "Database name"; //$NON-NLS-1$

            DriverPropertyInfo userProp = new DriverPropertyInfo(USER_PROPERTY_KEY, //$NON-NLS-1$
                        info.getProperty(USER_PROPERTY_KEY)); //$NON-NLS-1$
            userProp.required = true;
            userProp.description = Messages.getString("NonRegisteringDriver.13"); //$NON-NLS-1$

            DriverPropertyInfo passwordProp = new DriverPropertyInfo(
                        PASSWORD_PROPERTY_KEY, //$NON-NLS-1$
                        info.getProperty(PASSWORD_PROPERTY_KEY)); //$NON-NLS-1$
            passwordProp.required = true;
            passwordProp.description = Messages
                        .getString("NonRegisteringDriver.16"); //$NON-NLS-1$

            DriverPropertyInfo[] dpi = ConnectionPropertiesImpl
                        .exposeAsDriverPropertyInfo(info, 5);

            dpi[0] = hostProp;
            dpi[1] = portProp;
            dpi[2] = dbProp;
            dpi[3] = userProp;
            dpi[4] = passwordProp;

            return dpi;
      }

      //
      // return the value of any property this driver knows about
      //

      /**
       * Returns the hostname property
       * 
       * @param props
       *            the java.util.Properties instance to retrieve the hostname
       *            from.
       * 
       * @return the hostname
       */
00553       public String host(Properties props) {
            return props.getProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY, "localhost"); //$NON-NLS-1$ //$NON-NLS-2$
      }

      /**
       * Report whether the driver is a genuine JDBC compliant driver. A driver
       * may only report "true" here if it passes the JDBC compliance tests,
       * otherwise it is required to return false. JDBC compliance requires full
       * support for the JDBC API and full support for SQL 92 Entry Level.
       * 
       * <p>
       * MySQL is not SQL92 compliant
       * </p>
       * 
       * @return is this driver JDBC compliant?
       */
00569       public boolean jdbcCompliant() {
            return false;
      }

      public Properties parseURL(String url, Properties defaults)
                  throws java.sql.SQLException {
            Properties urlProps = (defaults != null) ? new Properties(defaults)
                        : new Properties();

            if (url == null) {
                  return null;
            }

            if (!StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCase(url, URL_PREFIX)
                        && !StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCase(url, MXJ_URL_PREFIX)
                        && !StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCase(url,
                                    LOADBALANCE_URL_PREFIX)
                        && !StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCase(url,
                                    REPLICATION_URL_PREFIX)) { //$NON-NLS-1$

                  return null;
            }

            int beginningOfSlashes = url.indexOf("//");

            if (StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCase(url, MXJ_URL_PREFIX)) {
                  
                  urlProps
                              .setProperty("socketFactory",
                                          "com.mysql.management.driverlaunched.ServerLauncherSocketFactory");
            }

            /*
             * Parse parameters after the ? in the URL and remove them from the
             * original URL.
             */
            int index = url.indexOf("?"); //$NON-NLS-1$

            if (index != -1) {
                  String paramString = url.substring(index + 1, url.length());
                  url = url.substring(0, index);

                  StringTokenizer queryParams = new StringTokenizer(paramString, "&"); //$NON-NLS-1$

                  while (queryParams.hasMoreTokens()) {
                        String parameterValuePair = queryParams.nextToken();

                        int indexOfEquals = StringUtils.indexOfIgnoreCase(0,
                                    parameterValuePair, "=");

                        String parameter = null;
                        String value = null;

                        if (indexOfEquals != -1) {
                              parameter = parameterValuePair.substring(0, indexOfEquals);

                              if (indexOfEquals + 1 < parameterValuePair.length()) {
                                    value = parameterValuePair.substring(indexOfEquals + 1);
                              }
                        }

                        if ((value != null && value.length() > 0)
                                    && (parameter != null && parameter.length() > 0)) {
                              try {
                                    urlProps.put(parameter, URLDecoder.decode(value,
                                                "UTF-8"));
                              } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException badEncoding) {
                                    // punt
                                    urlProps.put(parameter, URLDecoder.decode(value));
                              } catch (NoSuchMethodError nsme) {
                                    // punt again
                                    urlProps.put(parameter, URLDecoder.decode(value));
                              }
                        }
                  }
            }

            url = url.substring(beginningOfSlashes + 2);

            String hostStuff = null;

            int slashIndex = StringUtils.indexOfIgnoreCaseRespectMarker(0, url, "/", ALLOWED_QUOTES, ALLOWED_QUOTES, true); //$NON-NLS-1$

            if (slashIndex != -1) {
                  hostStuff = url.substring(0, slashIndex);

                  if ((slashIndex + 1) < url.length()) {
                        urlProps.put(DBNAME_PROPERTY_KEY, //$NON-NLS-1$
                                    url.substring((slashIndex + 1), url.length()));
                  }
            } else {
                  hostStuff = url;
            }

            int numHosts = 0;
            
            if ((hostStuff != null) && (hostStuff.trim().length() > 0)) {
                  List<String> hosts = StringUtils.split(hostStuff, ",", ALLOWED_QUOTES, ALLOWED_QUOTES, false);
                  

                  for (String hostAndPort : hosts) {
                        numHosts++;
                  
                        String[] hostPortPair = parseHostPortPair(hostAndPort);

                        if (hostPortPair[HOST_NAME_INDEX] != null && hostPortPair[HOST_NAME_INDEX].trim().length() > 0) {
                              urlProps.setProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + numHosts, hostPortPair[HOST_NAME_INDEX]);
                        } else {
                              urlProps.setProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + numHosts, "localhost");
                        }
                        
                        if (hostPortPair[PORT_NUMBER_INDEX] != null) {
                              urlProps.setProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + numHosts, hostPortPair[PORT_NUMBER_INDEX]);
                        } else {
                              urlProps.setProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY + "." + numHosts, "3306");
                        }
                  }
            } else {
                  numHosts = 1;
                  urlProps.setProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY + ".1", "localhost");
                  urlProps.setProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY + ".1", "3306");
            }

            urlProps.setProperty(NUM_HOSTS_PROPERTY_KEY, String.valueOf(numHosts));
            urlProps.setProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY, urlProps.getProperty(HOST_PROPERTY_KEY + ".1"));
            urlProps.setProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY, urlProps.getProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY + ".1"));
            
            String propertiesTransformClassName = urlProps
                        .getProperty(PROPERTIES_TRANSFORM_KEY);

            if (propertiesTransformClassName != null) {
                  try {
                        ConnectionPropertiesTransform propTransformer = (ConnectionPropertiesTransform) Class
                                    .forName(propertiesTransformClassName).newInstance();

                        urlProps = propTransformer.transformProperties(urlProps);
                  } catch (InstantiationException e) {
                        throw SQLError.createSQLException(
                                    "Unable to create properties transform instance '"
                                                + propertiesTransformClassName
                                                + "' due to underlying exception: "
                                                + e.toString(),
                                    SQLError.SQL_STATE_INVALID_CONNECTION_ATTRIBUTE, null);
                  } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
                        throw SQLError.createSQLException(
                                    "Unable to create properties transform instance '"
                                                + propertiesTransformClassName
                                                + "' due to underlying exception: "
                                                + e.toString(),
                                    SQLError.SQL_STATE_INVALID_CONNECTION_ATTRIBUTE, null);
                  } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                        throw SQLError.createSQLException(
                                    "Unable to create properties transform instance '"
                                                + propertiesTransformClassName
                                                + "' due to underlying exception: "
                                                + e.toString(),
                                    SQLError.SQL_STATE_INVALID_CONNECTION_ATTRIBUTE, null);
                  }
            }

            if (Util.isColdFusion() &&
                        urlProps.getProperty("autoConfigureForColdFusion", "true").equalsIgnoreCase("true")) {
                  String configs = urlProps.getProperty(USE_CONFIG_PROPERTY_KEY);
                  
                  StringBuffer newConfigs = new StringBuffer();
                  
                  if (configs != null) {
                        newConfigs.append(configs);
                        newConfigs.append(",");
                  }
                  
                  newConfigs.append("coldFusion");
                  
                  urlProps.setProperty(USE_CONFIG_PROPERTY_KEY, newConfigs.toString());
            }
            
            // If we use a config, it actually should get overridden by anything in
            // the URL or passed-in properties

            String configNames = null;

            if (defaults != null) {
                  configNames = defaults.getProperty(USE_CONFIG_PROPERTY_KEY);
            }

            if (configNames == null) {
                  configNames = urlProps.getProperty(USE_CONFIG_PROPERTY_KEY);
            }

            if (configNames != null) {
                  List splitNames = StringUtils.split(configNames, ",", true);

                  Properties configProps = new Properties();

                  Iterator namesIter = splitNames.iterator();

                  while (namesIter.hasNext()) {
                        String configName = (String) namesIter.next();

                        try {
                              InputStream configAsStream = getClass()
                                          .getResourceAsStream(
                                                      "configs/" + configName + ".properties");

                              if (configAsStream == null) {
                                    throw SQLError
                                                .createSQLException(
                                                            "Can't find configuration template named '"
                                                                        + configName + "'",
                                                            SQLError.SQL_STATE_INVALID_CONNECTION_ATTRIBUTE, null);
                              }
                              configProps.load(configAsStream);
                        } catch (IOException ioEx) {
                              SQLException sqlEx = SQLError.createSQLException(
                                          "Unable to load configuration template '"
                                                      + configName
                                                      + "' due to underlying IOException: "
                                                      + ioEx,
                                          SQLError.SQL_STATE_INVALID_CONNECTION_ATTRIBUTE, null);
                              sqlEx.initCause(ioEx);
                              
                              throw sqlEx;
                        }
                  }

                  Iterator propsIter = urlProps.keySet().iterator();

                  while (propsIter.hasNext()) {
                        String key = propsIter.next().toString();
                        String property = urlProps.getProperty(key);
                        configProps.setProperty(key, property);
                  }

                  urlProps = configProps;
            }

            // Properties passed in should override ones in URL

            if (defaults != null) {
                  Iterator propsIter = defaults.keySet().iterator();

                  while (propsIter.hasNext()) {
                        String key = propsIter.next().toString();
                        if (!key.equals(NUM_HOSTS_PROPERTY_KEY)) {
                              String property = defaults.getProperty(key);
                              urlProps.setProperty(key, property);
                        }
                  }
            }

            return urlProps;
      }

      /**
       * Returns the port number property
       * 
       * @param props
       *            the properties to get the port number from
       * 
       * @return the port number
       */
00830       public int port(Properties props) {
            return Integer.parseInt(props.getProperty(PORT_PROPERTY_KEY, "3306")); //$NON-NLS-1$ //$NON-NLS-2$
      }

      /**
       * Returns the given property from <code>props</code>
       * 
       * @param name
       *            the property name
       * @param props
       *            the property instance to look in
       * 
       * @return the property value, or null if not found.
       */
00844       public String property(String name, Properties props) {
            return props.getProperty(name);
      }
      
      
      /**
       * Expands hosts of the form address=(protocol=tcp)(host=localhost)(port=3306)
       * into a java.util.Properties. Special characters (in this case () and =) must be quoted.
       * Any values that are string-quoted ("" or '') are also stripped of quotes.
       */
00854       public static Properties expandHostKeyValues(String host) {
            Properties hostProps = new Properties();
            
            if (isHostPropertiesList(host)) {
                  host = host.substring("address=".length() + 1);
                  List<String> hostPropsList = StringUtils.split(host, ")", "'\"", "'\"", true);
                  
                  for (String propDef : hostPropsList) {
                        if (propDef.startsWith("(")) {
                              propDef = propDef.substring(1);
                        }
                        
                        List<String> kvp = StringUtils.split(propDef, "=", "'\"", "'\"", true);
                        
                        String key = kvp.get(0);
                        String value = kvp.size() > 1 ? kvp.get(1) : null;
                        
                        if (value != null && ((value.startsWith("\"") && value.endsWith("\"")) || (value.startsWith("'") && value.endsWith("'")))) {
                              value = value.substring(1, value.length() - 1);
                        }
                        
                        if (value != null) {
                              if (HOST_PROPERTY_KEY.equalsIgnoreCase(key) ||
                                          DBNAME_PROPERTY_KEY.equalsIgnoreCase(key) ||
                                          PORT_PROPERTY_KEY.equalsIgnoreCase(key) ||
                                          PROTOCOL_PROPERTY_KEY.equalsIgnoreCase(key) ||
                                          PATH_PROPERTY_KEY.equalsIgnoreCase(key)) {
                                    key = key.toUpperCase(Locale.ENGLISH);
                              } else if (USER_PROPERTY_KEY.equalsIgnoreCase(key) ||
                                          PASSWORD_PROPERTY_KEY.equalsIgnoreCase(key)) {
                                    key = key.toLowerCase(Locale.ENGLISH);
                              }
                              
                              hostProps.setProperty(key, value);
                        }
                  }
            }
            
            return hostProps;
      }
      
      public static boolean isHostPropertiesList(String host) {
            return host != null && StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCase(host, "address=");
      }
}

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